#newmusic NEW BLUE SIOUX – ‘Eat This’

Facebook Advertisement New Blue SiouxLIMERICK’S  New Blue Sioux are Mike Ryan (former Tuesday Blue frontman) and Geri Doyle Ryan. Together for over 15 years, ‘New Blue Sioux’ have lived and played/toured in USA/New York, UK and Ireland, including the Electric Picnic Festival, Oxygen Festival, with a long running residency in Cleere’s Theatre, Kilkenny. The track here is ‘Eat This’, the latest offering from New Blue Sioux. ‘Eat This’ has engaging evocative lyrical imagery played over a languid electronic beat. “I was born in a minor key, I can still remember the first words my mother said to me”. Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up A wonderful songwriting talent, New Blue Sioux play  Cobblestone Joe’s this Wednesday June 18.Audio Playerhttp://www.limerickpost.ie/site/wp-content/uploads/Eat-This-MP3.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Linkedin Twitter Print Previous articleLimerick Businesses Contributed over €280,000 to Local Charities and Community Groups in 2013Next articleLimerick students embrace step up to second level Eric Fitzgeraldhttp://www.limerickpost.ieEric writes for the Entertainment Pages of Limerick Post Newspaper and edits the music blog www.musiclimerick.com where you can watch and listen to music happening in the city and beyond. News#newmusic NEW BLUE SIOUX – ‘Eat This’By Eric Fitzgerald – June 18, 2014 638 WhatsApp Email read more

Professional stress

first_imgA study to compare work stress and burnout in two similar professionalgroups – podiatrists and dentists.  By PMandy and A Mandy Abstract The aim of this study was to compare work stress and burnout in two similar professionalgroups. Burnout was measured in a group of podiatrists (chiropodists) using theMaslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Work Stress Inventory, and the results werecompared to those published by Croucher et al (1998), who investigated anequivalent group of dentists. Podiatrists had significantly higher scores on the MBI scale (p<0.0001).Qualitative analysis of the Work Stress Inventory identified as key issues thethemes of isolation, lack of public understanding of the podiatrist’s scope ofpractice, and lack of career structure within the NHS. The similarities anddifferences of professional practice were considered, and it was suggested thatlow status contributed to the aetiology of burnout and work stress inpodiatrists.Work Stress Inventory This validated questionnaire (Powell 1992) consisted of 56 items describingvarious types of work stress. Respondents identified the amount of stress eachitem caused them on a six-part Likert scale, which ranged from 0 (no stress) to5 (much stress). Scoring the Work Stress Inventory results in seven work stressfactors: quality/quantity; role issues; responsibility/authority; socialrelationships; job satisfaction; organisational issues; and domestic effects.In addition there was an open-ended question about any sources of job stressnot covered by the questionnaire. Maslach Burnout Inventory This is a validated questionnaire consisting of 22 statements aboutwork-related feelings, which measures the degree of burnout in threesub-scales: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and personalaccomplishment (PA). The emotional exhaustion sub-scale assesses feelings of being emotionallyoverextended and exhausted by work; depersonalisation measures the degree ofloss of feelings towards patients; and personal accomplishment measuresfeelings of competence and success. Each statement is measured on a scale of 0-6, in which 0 = never, 1 = a fewtimes a year, 2 = once a month, 3 = a few times a month, 4 = once a week, 5 = afew times a week, and 6 = every day. The score for each sub-scale may becompared to published normative values, or, using a "cut-off"criterion, classified into high, moderate or low categories. Burnout ispictured as a continuous variable, ranging from low to high. High scores on the EE and DP sub-scales and low scores on the PA sub-scalesmean respondents are exhibiting burnout (table 2), but the use of MBI fordiagnosis is not recommended. Statistical analyses The MBI scores were found to be normally distributed, and thereforeparametric tests were used. The Work Stress Inventory gave rise to ordinal datarequiring non-parametric analyses. Where the data was normally distributed, Pearson’s correlation coefficientswere calculated; where data were not found to be normally distributed,Spearman’s rank coefficients were calculated. Results Five hundred questionnaires were distributed: 320 were completed, and 17were either spoilt or returned where respondents had moved without a forwardingaddress. Eleven questionnaires were returned by people who had left theprofession and were therefore of no use. Finally, 291 usable questionnaireswere analysed. The proportion of usable questionnaires was therefore 58 percent. A power analysis (Bolton 1990) was performed to determine whether the samplesize was enough to compare the means of two groups and measure significantdifferences (comparing the calculated mean from the sample with publishednormative data: Maslach & Jackson 1986). The power calculation for atwo-tailed hypothesis with a 5 per cent alpha value and a 99 per cent betavalue indicated that the sample size necessary to determine that a five-unitchange would be 74 subjects per group. It is normally acceptable to use an 80per cent power to decide the sample size, so being able to use a 99 per centpower confirms the sample’s appropriateness. Table 1 indicates the mean scores for each sub-scale of the MBI forpodiatrists and dentists and MBI published normative data (Maslach &Jackson 1986). Data are compared using students’ two-sample t-test. Podiatrists demonstrated significantly higher scores on each of thesub-scales than those produced by the dentists (pTable 2 indicates the cut-off criterion for each sub-scale on the MaslachInventory, and indicates the scoring. Work Stress Inventory results Spearman rank correlation analyses were performed between the work stressinventory scores, which were ordinal data, and MBI scores. Correlation scoresindicated a weak association with the work stress factors, none of which wasfound to be significant. Work Stress Inventory qualitative comments Seventy-nine respondents provided comments about their work stress. Thesewere analysed by theme, and six areas of importance were identified. Too much work Themes included too much administration, waiting lists, record keeping, timepressures, seeing extra patients, no cover for illness, and meeting targets. Isolation Themes included lack of teamwork, lack of colleagues and feelings ofisolation. Patients’ lack of understanding Themes included patients’ lack of understanding of the scope of the workdone by podiatrists. Lack of career structure Respondents reported a lack of promotion prospects and poor career prospectsin the NHS. The insecurity of temporary contractual work was also noted. Psychosocial problems Respondents commented about dealing with patients’ emotional problems,cultural and ethnicity problems, bullying and aggression at work. Legal issues Respondents reported concerns about patient complaints and legal issues. Discussion On first consideration, the professions of podiatry and dentistry seem tohave little or nothing in common, other than they can both be classified ashealthcare professions. However, the two share a long and ancient history.There is evidence that foot and dental care was undertaken in Egyptian, Grecianand Roman civilisations. Probably of more relevance is the work of the barbersurgeons and itinerant market traders in the 17th and 18th centuries, in whichcorn-cutting and tooth-drawing were undertaken by the same individuals (Hillam1991). Although from about 1850 the combined practice of foot and oral care becameless common, it is only in the past 100 years that the two practices havebecome completely independent (Seelig 1953). The management of chronic repeatable lesions means the pattern of patientcare is very similar, with patients attending for regular clinical appointmentswhich could be considered out-patient in nature. The one major difference isthat although the public regularly visit the dentist for preventative oralmonitoring, no such provision is made for podiatry patients. Given the patternof patient care, it is not surprising that the working environment is almostidentical, with a chair for the patient, operators’ chairs, illumination andclinical or surgical instruments. The differences found in this study musttherefore have another cause. Podiatrists’ scores for each sub-scale in the MBI are significantly higherthan those recorded for dentists by Osborne & Croucher (1994), even thoughthe samples, in terms of providing community-based care, were similar. However,when considering the distribution of scores, it is interesting to note thatthose for podiatry do not follow the suggested pattern, which suggests burnout.In scoring the Maslach inventory, a high score for emotional exhaustion anddepersonalisation and a low score for personal accomplishment indicate burnout.This suggests podiatrists still have a sense of achievement when dealing withtheir patients. However, this is not the case for dentists, who have lowerlevels of personal accomplishment. A further explanation of this finding is suggested when it is compared withthe work stress inventory results, which demonstrated only weak correlationsbetween the seven factors and the three burnout sub-scales, none of which wasstatistically significant. However, the qualitative comments gave some valuableinformation which might help explain the exceptionally high scores detected bythe MBI. The Work Stress Inventory results highlight themes that are common to thedental profession, including isolation, problems with patient/therapistinteraction and lack of career direction. Although it was noted earlier thatthe surgical environment was similar for both professions, a clear distinctionis the number of podiatrists employed in a practice. In the NHS, podiatry clinics are usually designed for one or two people, andthere may be a foot care assistant. However, several dentists usually practisetogether, and there will be a dental nurse or assistant who works with thedentists. In podiatry, the foot care assistants usually work independently andhave their own caseloads, and in private practice podiatrists are often solepractitioners. The study by Croucher et al (1998) clearly identifies that thegreater the number of dentists working in a practice, the smaller the emotionalexhaustion and depersonalisation scores. This notable difference might wellexplain the comments about isolation, lack of teamwork and lack of colleagues.This would also help to explain the feelings of overwork expressed by thepodiatry sample. One stressor that was not common in dentistry is "identification ofpatients’ lack of understanding of scope of practice". This was clearlyidentified by the podiatrists as a cause for concern and was specificallyidentified as an additional stressor in the questionnaire. It may be thatpatients’ lack of understanding of the profession undermines the podiatrists’feelings of professional standing, increasing their feelings ofdisillusionment. The issue of professional status is complex, and has beeninvestigated by many disciplines. However, for the purposes of this paper, the adoption of the Government’sstandard classification of occupations (1990) is enough to highlight thedifferences. Dentists are specified as group 1, "professional", andpodiatrists are in group 2, "intermediate". There is also evidencethat the status of podiatry is much lower in the eyes of the public than thoseof other healthcare professions (Mandy 2000). This may partly explain thesignificantly higher levels of burnout found among podiatrists compared todentists. Although the podiatry sample aimed to investigate people who had beenqualified for only three years, this would include mature practitioners as wellas younger ones. Podiatry often attracts people in later years who want achange of vocation and re-train. This was not allowed for in the survey. In conclusion, this study has added some interesting results to theliterature investigating burnout and work stress. The key finding is thatprofessional status might have some effect on burnout and work stress, andmight explain the differences between two very similar but also clearlydifferent professions. This has also initiated some studies into podiatry, anunder-researched profession from a psychosocial perspective. References Bolton S, (1990) Pharmaceutical Statistics: Practical and ClinicalApplications. Marcel Dekker. Croucher R, Osborne D, Makeness W, Shelham A, (1998) Burnout and issues ofthe work environment reported by general dental practitioners in the UK.Community Dental Health 15,1, 40-3. Gorter RC, Albrecht G, Hoogstraten J, Eiijkman MA, (1998) Work placecharacteristics, work stress and burnout among Dutch dentists. European Journalof Oral Sciences 106, 6, 999-1005. Gorter RC, Albrecht G, Hoogstraten J, Eiijkman MA, (1999) Professionalburnout among Dutch dentists. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 27,2, 109-16. Hillam C, (1991) Brass Plate and Brazen Impudence. Liverpool UniversityPress. Humphris G, (1998) A review of dentists. Dental Update 25, 9, 392-6. Mandy P, (2000) The Nature and Status of Chiropody and Dentistry. DPhilThesis, University of Sussex. Maslach C, Jackson SE, (1986) Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual (2nd ed).Palo Alto CA Consulting Psychological Press Murtomaa H, Haavio-Mannila E, Kandolin I, (1990) Burnout and its causes inFinnish dentists. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 18, 202-212. Osborne D, Croucher R, (1994) Levels of burnout in general dentalpractitioners in the south-east of England. British Dental Journal 177, 10,372-7 Pines AM, Aronson E, (1988) Career Burnout: Causes and Cures. New York FreePress. Powell T, (1992) The Mental Health handbook. Winslow Press, Oxford. Seelig W, (1953) Studies in the History of Chiropody: the beginnings ofchiropody in England; notes on 17th and 18th century chiropodists. TheChiropodist 8, 381-97. Slate JR, Steger HS, Miller NC, (1990) Burnout in Dentistry update: ascientific study. Dental Management 30, 38-40. Standard Occupation Classification (1990) Office of Population Censuses andSurveys 1st edit HMSO pub. The Chiropodists Register 1997/8. The Chiropodists Board Section 2(4) of theProfessions Supplementary to Medicine Act 1960. Comments are closed. Professional stressOn 1 Dec 2000 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos. Previous Article Next Articlelast_img read more